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普通高等学校 Regular Institutions of Higher Education 
普通中等学校 Secondary Schools
中等专业学校     Specialized Secondary Schools
中等技术学校         Technical Secondary Schools
中等师范学校         Teacher Secondary Schools
普通中学     Regular Secondary Schools
高 中         Senior Secondary Schools
初 中         Junior Secondary Schools
职业中学     Vocational Secondary Schools
小 学 Primary Schools
幼儿园 Kindergartens
特殊教育 Special Schools

《中华人民共和国学位条例》 "Regulations Concerning Academic Degrees in the People's Republic of China"
《中华人民共和国中外合作办学条例》 Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Cooperation in Running Schools
结业证书 Certificate of Completion
毕业证书 Certificate of Graduation
肄业证书 Certificate of Completion/Incompletion/
Attendance/Study
教育学院 College/Institute of Education
中学 Middle[Secondary] School
师范学校 Normal School[upper secondary level]
师范专科学校 Normal Specialised Postsecondary College
师范大学 Normal[Teachers] University
公正书 Notarial Certificate
专科学校 Postsecondary Specialised College
广播电视大学 Radio and Television University
中等专科学校 Secondary Specialised School
自学考试 Self-Study Examination
技工学校 Skilled Workers[Training] School
业余大学 Spare-Time University
职工大学 Staff and Workers University
大学 University(regular,degree-granting)
职业大学 Vocational University
继续教育学院Institute of Continuing Education
国际成人教育协会(ICAE:InternationalCouncil for Adult Education).
成人教育Adult Education
高等专科学校,各地有不同翻译。比如,洛阳工业高等专科学校 Luoyang Technology College江西省高等专科学校 Jiangxi Province High Training School 郑州电力高等专科学校Zhengzhou Junior College of Electric Power


中国的学位制度Academic Degrees System


China has established a three-tiered academic degree system for higher education consisting of bachelor's, master's, and doctor's degrees.A cademic degrees cover philosophy, economics, law, math, education, literature, history, science, engineering, medicine, management and military science.

Bachelor's Degree

Bachelor's Degree shall be conferred after students complete the undergraduate study according to teaching plan, pass graduation review and have no failure record in any course or thesis.

学士学位 高等学校本科学生完成教学计划所规定的各项要求,经审核准予毕业,其课程学习和毕业论文(含毕业设计和其他毕业实践环节)的成绩合格,授予学士学位。

Master's Degree Master's degree shall be conferred in the period of the graduate study in institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutions after students pass MA examinations and thesis answer.硕士学位高等学校和科学研究机构的硕士研究生,或具有硕士研究生毕业同等学历的人员,通过硕士学位的课程考试和论文答辩,成绩合格,授予硕士学位。

Doctor's Degree Doctor's degree shall be conferred in the period of the graduate study in institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutions after students pass PhD examinations and thesis answer.博士学位 高等学校和科学研究机构的博士研究生,或具有博士研究生毕业同等学历的人员,通过博士学位的课程考试和论文答辩,成绩合格,授予博士学位。


中国的教育体制:

China's education mainly comprises of the following stages:中国实行学前教育(即幼儿教育)、初等教育、中等教育、高等教育的学校教育制度。Preschool: children of 3 to 5 years old receive preschool education at kindergartens.Primary school: for children of 6 to 11 years old. Primary schools are generally run by local government. Some are run by enterprises and individuals.Secondary school: for teenagers of 12 to 17 years old. Secondary schools are generally run by local governments and educational departments. 为12-17岁的少年提供的教育。一般都是由地方政府和业务部门兴办。中等教育机构为普通中学、职业中学和各类中等专业学校。普通中学通常分为初中和高中,学习年限各为3年。初中毕业生一部分升入高中学习,还有一部分升入职业高中和中等专科学校学习,学制为3-5年。 Secondary schools include common middle schools, vocational schools and specialized secondary schools(专科学校). Common middle schools include junior schools and senior schools, each with 3-year period of schooling. Some junior middle school graduates are accepted by senior middle schools while some go to vocational schools and specialized secondary schools, with a schooling period of 3-5 years. Higher education: including 2- to 3-year short higher education, undergraduate education and graduate education.

China's education structure is similar to that of other countries around the world.

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